For those of us with friends in the medical profession or even friends that are much smarter than you, you may find yourself in conversation when a medical department or speciality is mentioned. You know you’ve heard about it before but you’re not exactly sure what they cover. You look around the room and nobody looks as confused as you feel. Fear not here is a comprehensive list of medical specialities, so you don’t find yourself in that position again.

Anesthesiologists – The doctor to put administer pain medication before surgery.

Dermatologist – The go-to doctors go to for any skin conditions. Whether it’s rash, acne or eczema, dermatologists can help you out.

Endocrinologist – If you have any trouble with your hormones or metabolism, endocrinologists will have the answer, problems include those related to diabetes or thyroid problems.

Gastroenterologists – Anything related to your internal organs, whether it be your stomach, bowels or liver can be treated by these doctors.

Hematologists – For those with problems relating to blood, spleen and lymph glands, such as anemia or hemophilia, they should seek out a hematologist to help them with their symptoms.

Nephrologist – Any diseases with kidney diseases can be treated by a nephrologist. They can assist with inflammation of the kidney, dialysis as well as cancer.

Neurologists – Specializing in treatment affecting the nervous system, neurologists can diagnose and treat symptoms relating to the brain or spinal cord. Well known problems include strokes and Parkinson’s Disease in older patients.

Oncologists – Oncology is the study of cancer and oncologists carry out the different functions related to treating patients with cancer. There are four sub-divisions of those that work with in oncology; medical, surgical, radiation and pediatric oncologists.

Ophthalmologists – Specializing in problems related to the eye, ophthalmologists perform surgery related to the eye.

Otolaryngologist – These doctors deal with surgeries related to ENT as well as other head and neck problems, including plastic surgery.

Pathologist – A pathologist examines changes in the cells and tissues of the body so primarily work in a lab.

Pulmonologist – A pulmonologist treats patients with respiratory problems as well as any other problems related to the lungs.

Rheumatologist – A doctor that deals with diseases related to muscles, joints and bones. Problems that a rheumatologist deal with include arthritis, tendinitis and back pain.

This complete guide to doctors and their specialities will have you feeling more confident when the topic of medicine comes up next, whether that be around the table at a dinner party or even at a table quiz.